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GHG Platform India- An Indian Civil Society Initiative to Understand India’s GHG Emission Estimates


The multi-institution civil society platform for GHG emissions estimation and analysis in India was initially conceptualised by Environmental Defense Fund, Oak Foundation, Shakti Foundation and Vasudha Foundation. The platform is envisioned as a multi-year initiative that will include some of India’s leading research institutions and NGOs that work in the GHG emitting sectors of energy, industrial processes, agriculture, forestry and land use change and waste, and it includes CEEW, C-STEP, ICLEI SA and WRI India in addition to a few sectoral experts in their individual capacity. The platform will prepare current and historical annual GHG emissions estimates at the national from 2007 to 2012 for phase 1, and then state level for India, disaggregated by each sector and sub-sector and use this database for undertaking relevant analytic assessments to inform policy design and evaluation will be undertaken in phase II. The database produced and maintained by the platform will be available in the public domain to enable third-party use, which will be actively encouraged. Phase 1 of the project is in completion.  Going forward in the second phase of this platform, that starts on 1 August 2016, it is intended to extend the time series of annual national GHG emissions estimates back to 1990 and prepare disaggregated GHG emissions estimates for all state as stated earlier, along with some innovative ideas which are currently under discussion such as, Dig deeper into the data to improve Phase I estimates, thorough attempt to recreate the national Inventory (2007 or 2010), analysing GHG trends, policy impacts and data, tracking INDC implementation/future forecasts based on policy announcements etc.

The GHGplatform can be accessed on www.ghgplatform-india.org

HBF IPCC Project: Assessing India’s Preparedness to address Climate Change

Vasudha Foundation in collaboration with Heinrich Böll Stifstung Foundation (HBF) is worked on addressing India’s preparedness on Climate Change. The project focused on whether India is in a position to address the various aspects of climate change and tests whether its policy framework addresses issues that arise out of dealing with climate change by examining two major reports, IPCC AR5 and the New Climate Economy Report. Phase 1 of the project looked at the national policies and schemes in line with the recommendations from IPCC AR5 and New Climate Economy: India Chapter. Phase 2 of the project focused on the state of preparedness of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa and Madhya Pradesh. Vasudha Foundation created a comprehensive database capturing all the strategies from the State Action Plan on Climate Change and other government schemes that deal with climate change, environment, and sustainable development along with their budgetary allocations. The findings of the second phase were compiled in report titled ‘Policy Framework and Preparedness for Implementing Measures to Effectively Deal with Climate Change- An Analysis of four states in India’. The report also identifies possible gaps in the preparedness and comes up with a set of recommendations to address the possible gaps.

Report can be accessed on www.vasudha-foundation.org/wp-content/uploads/Policy-Frameworkand-Preparedness-An-analysis-of-four-states.pdf

Development and Implementation of Climate Change Adaptation Demonstration Projects in Punjab (CCA RAI-II)

Vasudha Foundation is undertaking a project supported by Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ), for the state of Punjab. This is a part of bigger project being implemented by GIZ under the bilateral cooperation of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), India titled ‘Climate Change and Adaptation in Rural Areas of India Phase II (CCA RAI-II)’. Vasudha Foundation is part of the second phase of the project undertaking the required assessment for the state of Punjab. The scope of the project is to identify the convergence of district level plan with its integration to climate vulnerability and Climate Change Adaptation (with focus on water and agriculture sector). Vasudha would prepare a report of the afore mentioned assessment based on secondary research and primary interactions in the state of Punjab. Development and Implementation of Climate Change Adaptation Demonstration Projects in Punjab (CCA RAI-II) HBF IPCC Project: Assessing India’s Preparedness to address Climate Change Vasudha is also tasked to create an action plan on prioritised adaptation measures under selected schemes and/or programmes for implementation including possible convergence and potential adaptation benefits. The project is in its advance stages of implementation.

Bhutan Energy Cooperation Agreements and the Implementation of Hydropower Projects in Bhutan (Bhutan Project)

Vasudha Foundation with support from Oxfam India did a detailed analysis of the energy cooperation between India and Bhutan including the modalities and conditionalities of the agreements signed by them. The broad aim was to understand how regional co-operation agreements between countries in South Asia have worked and to identify possible lessons for strengthening such agreements in future, including respect for local communities and regulations, in addition to highlighting key aspects of the agreement that could be replicated to foster greater regional co-operations in other parts of the world.

The Report can be accessed on www.vasudha-foundation.org/wp-content/uploads/Final-BhutanReport_30th-Mar-2016.pdf

Sustainable Cities – Gurgaon & Puri

This project was supported by the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN). As a part of the project, Vasudha Foundation and German Watch had organized workshops in Gurgaon and Puri, in collaboration with Water Energy Food Transitions (WEFT) Research and Practical Action, respectively. Sustainable Cities – Gurgaon & Puri 6 Sustainable Energy Based on the learning from the initial workshops, the project ideas/activities for Gurgaon were developed, to begin with. These included making public transport more viable and people and environment-friendly, working with Haryana Government to implement mandatory solar rooftops, and implementing sustainability initiatives in Sector-29 market. Similar project activities were implemented in the city of Puri. The case studies were developed from the findings eventually, and presented to the local stakeholders.

Reports can be accessed on www.vasudha-foundation.org/wp-content/uploads/Nirwana-Interventions.pdf

Compendium of Policies and Practices of International Financial Institutions for Policy Wayforward for the New Development Bank

The aim of the project is to compile various policies of existing IFIs, and other Development Banks, in order to create a A compendium of policies and practices of some of the Multilateral and Southern Banks. The recommendations emerging from this compendium would help in influencing the NDB to have in place, policies that would ensure not only transparency in governance, but also ensure that the NDB promotes sustainable development as its core business. The choice of institutions was meant to create a mix of learnings from big development banks like World Bank (WB) and Asian Development Bank (ADB) and southern development banks like InterAmerican Development Bank (IADB). In order to derive more localised learnings for NDB, Bank of Latin America (CAF) and National Bank for Economic and Social Development, Brazil (BNDES), were also included in the study. In totality, the study is based on the presence of the mentioned banks in one or more BRICS countries. The six development banks being considered for the study are:

World Bank ii) African Development Bank iii) Asian Development Bank iv) Inter-American Development Bank v) Bank of Latin America (CAF) and vi) National Bank for Economic and Social Development, Brazil (BNDES) The six thematic areas are: i) Environmental and Social Safeguards ii) Civil Society Engagement iii) Gender Mainstreaming iv) Access to information and transparency v) Accountability Mechanisms vi) Energy Strategy

The first draft of the study was developed and presented in a multistakeholder meeting on the sidelines of the Second Annual Meeting of the New Development Bank in late March, 2017 in New Delhi, India. The above report is being revised based on the extensive inputs received in the presentation. The meeting was well attended by national and international civil societies as well as the officials of the New Development Bank.

The first cut of the report can be accessed on www.vasudhafoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/NDB-Report1.pdf

BRICS Voices

The BRICS newsletter, was joint effort on the part of Vasudha Foundation and Oxfam India, is an initiative that includes civil groups from across BRICS countries. It essentially carried thought pieces and information from and across BRICS countries and the objective was to inform civil society group, on various policies being formulated at the BRICS level on certain key issues and also with the view to inform policy makers on civil society views and perspectives on the issues amplifying the voices from the ground on policy matters. With a special emphasis on the New Development Bank (NDB), the first three issues revolved around the comparison of the NDB with formerly established Bretton woods institutions/multilateral agencies i.e. World Bank, IMF, and ADB etc. For the fourth and last issue, the focus was to review insights regarding the workings of the bank as well as concerns, particularly from scholars involved in research on the BRICS.

The last issue can be accessed on www.vasudha-foundation.org/wp-content/uploads/BRICS-Voices-4.pdf