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A Study of India Bhutan Energy Agreements and the Implementation of Hydropower Projects in Bhutan

Vasudha Foundation in collaboration with Oxfam India did a detailed analysis of the energy cooperation between India and Bhutan, the modalities and conditionalities of the agreements signed by them.  Further, the study also identified specific projects undertaken as part of the energy cooperation agreement, particularly in the hydro-electric sector.  Six key projects were identified for the detailed analysis, namely, – Chhukha, Kurichhu, Tala, Punatsangchhu I, Punatsangchhu II and Mangdechhu Hydroelectric Projects (HEP).

The broad aim of the study was to understand how regional co-operation agreements between countries in South Asia have worked and to identify possible lessons for strengthening such agreements in future, including respect for local communities and regulations, in addition to highlighting key aspects of the agreement that could be replicated to foster greater regional co-operations in other parts of the world.